123movies dead poets society

On a wet September thirteen, 1814, British warships despatched a downpour of shells and rockets onto Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor, relentlessly pounding the American castle for 25 hours. The bombardment, called the Battle of Baltimore, got here simplest weeks after the British had attacked Washington, D.C., burning the Capitol, the Treasury and the President’s house. It become any other bankruptcy withinside the ongoing War of 1812. 123movies dead poets society


A week in advance, Francis Scott Key, a 35-yr-vintage American lawyer,123movies dead poets society


had boarded the flagship of the British fleet at the Chesapeake Bay in hopes of persuading the British to launch a chum who had lately been arrested. Key’s approaches have been successful, however due to the fact he and his partners had received know-how of the upcoming assault on Baltimore, the British did now no longer allow them to go. They allowed the Americans to go back to their personal vessel however endured guarding them. Under their scrutiny, Key watched on September thirteen because the barrage of Fort McHenry started out 8 miles away.

“It regarded as aleven though mom earth had opened and become vomiting shot and shell in a sheet of hearthplace and brimstone,” Key wrote later. But whilst darkness arrived, Key noticed simplest crimson erupting withinside the night time sky. Given the dimensions of the assault, he become sure the British might win. The hours exceeded slowly, however withinside the clearing smoke of “the dawn’s early light” on September 14, he noticed the American flag—now no longer the British Union Jack—flying over the castle, pronouncing an American victory.

Key placed his mind on paper at the same time as nonetheless on board the ship, placing his phrases to the song of a famous English song. His brother-in-law, commander of a armed forces at Fort McHenry, examine Key’s paintings and had it dispensed beneathneath the name “Defence of Fort M’Henry.” The Baltimore Patriot newspaper quickly published it, and inside weeks, Key’s poem, now called “The Star-Spangled Banner,” seemed in print throughout the country, immortalizing his phrases—and for all time naming the flag it celebrated


Nearly centuries later, the flag that stimulated Key nonetheless survives, 123movies dead poets society


aleven though fragile and worn with the aid of using the years. To maintain this American icon, specialists on the National Museum of American History lately finished an 8-yr conservation remedy with price range from Polo Ralph Lauren, The Pew Charitable Trusts and the U.S. Congress. And whilst the museum reopens in summer time season 2008, the Star-Spangled Banner might be its centerpiece, displayed in its personal modern day gallery.

“The Star-Spangled Banner is a image of American records that ranks with the Statue of Liberty and the Charters of Freedom,” says Brent D. Glass, the museum’s director. “The reality that it’s been entrusted to the National Museum of American History is an honor.”


Started in 1996, the Star-Spangled Banner upkeep project—which incorporates the flag’


s conservation and the advent of its new show withinside the renovated museum—become deliberate with the assist of historians, conservators, curators, engineers and natural scientists. With the development of the conservation lab finished in 1999, conservators started out their paintings. Over the following numerous years, they clipped 1.7 million stitches from the flag to cast off a linen backing that were introduced in 1914, lifted particles from the flag the use of dry beauty sponges and brushed it with an acetone-water aggregate to cast off soils embedded in fibers. Finally, they introduced a sheer polyester backing to assist help the flag.

“Our intention become to extend [the flag’s] usable lifetime,” says Suzanne Thomassen-Krauss, the conservator for the project. The rationale become by no means to make the flag appearance because it did whilst it first flew over Fort McHenry, she says. “We failed to need to alternate any of the records written at the artifact with the aid of using stains and soil. Those marks inform the flag’s story.”


While the conservators labored, the general public seemed on


Over the years, greater than 12 million human beings peered into the museum’s glass conservation lab, looking the progress.

“The Star-Spangled Banner resonates with human beings in exclusive ways, for exclusive reasons,” says Kathleen Kendrick, curator for the Star-Spangled Banner upkeep project. “It’s thrilling to realise that you are looking on the very equal flag that Francis Scott Key noticed on that September morning in 1814. But the Star-Spangled Banner is greater than an artifact—it is also a countrywide image. It conjures up effective feelings and thoughts approximately what it way to be an American.”

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Smithsonian photographers created this composite photo of the Star-Spangled Banner in 2004 from seventy three separate photographs. The flag’s massive size (30-with the aid of using-34 ft) avoided photographers from shooting it in a single photo at the same time as conservators labored on it withinside the specially-constructed conservation lab. Courtesy of the National Museum of American History
The Flag’s Beginning


The Star-Spangled Banner’s records begins offevolved now no longer with Francis Scott Ke

y, however a yr in advance with Maj. George Armistead, the commander of Fort McHenry. Knowing that his castle become a probable British target, Armistead advised the commander of Baltimore defenses in July 1813 that he wanted a flag—a large one. “We, sir, are equipped at Fort McHenry to shield Baltimore in opposition to invading with the aid of using the enemy…besides that we don’t have any appropriate ensign to show over the Star Fort, and it’s miles my preference to have a flag so massive that the British will don’t have any issue in seeing it from a distance.”

Armistead quickly employed a 29-yr-vintage widow and expert flagmaker, Mary Young Pickersgill of Baltimore, Maryland, to make a garrison flag measuring 30 with the aid of using forty two ft with 15 stars and 15 stripes (every famous person and stripe representing a state). A massive flag, however one commonplace for the time eel2. Over the following six weeks, Mary, her daughter, 3 of Mary’s nieces, a thirteen-yr-vintage indentured servant and likely Mary’s mom Rebecca Young

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