The book of eels
The book of eels Patrik Svennson, The Book of Eels: Our Enduring Fascination with the Most Mysterious Creature withinside the Natural World: New York: HarperCollins, . English translation with the aid of using Agnes Broomé,
When The Book of Eels seemed in a choice of herbal records books I turned into reviewing, I turned into now no longer obsessed with the topic.
A entire ee-e book approximately eels? The book of eels
I predicted a dry tome approximately the herbal records of a creature I had slightly heard of and that had almost escaped my interest as a conservationist. Nearly sixty years in the past I examine Rachel Carson`s lovely 1941 ee-e book Under the Sea Wind wherein she follows the existence cycle of Anguilla, an American eel, however I had now no longer concept approximately the creature since. I had no concept that the American eel and its European cousin have been critically endangered species.
Had I left out The Book of Eels I might have neglected a maximum interesting, concept provoking, enjoyable, and engrossing examine.
Many books approximately nature and the surroundings come my manner and few are as properly written as this one—it’s far in reality literature.
The author, Patrik Svennson, is a Swedish journalist, and the English translator is a grasp of her art. This ee-e book is a herbal records of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla, however tons greater than strictly herbal records.
The tale as Svennson tells it reaches again to Greek logician and naturalist Aristotle who studied the animal closely, should locate no eggs or reproductive organs withinside the many eels he examined, so concluded they ought to be made out of nothing, “born of mud,” amongst different outlandish claims.
Aristotle argued that simplest thru systematic remark and direct revel in should some thing be explained, so the eel pissed off him due to the fact he couldn’t look at any reproductive capacity. In this example he needed to rely upon faith.
Over centuries following Aristotle, many elements of the eel`s existence cycle couldn’t be located, and theories of “spontaneous era” have been supplied with the aid of using many investigators.
Finally, in 1777 the Italian professor of anatomy Carlo Mondini conclusively defined the reproductive organs of a mature lady Anguilla anguilla, fixing 1/2 of of the thriller and banishing spontaneous era from theories of its origins.
The subsequent a part of the tale that Svennson tells at a few period is how aspiring and bold pupil scientist Sigmund Freud, of all people, spent almost a yr dissecting 4 thousand eels searching for male reproductive organs, locating none.
Freud turned into assured that “All solutions are certain to seem under the microscope—this is the promise of science, and in case
you can`t accept as true with that, then what are you able to accept as true with?”
Svennson notes how ironic it turned into that male eels eluded Freud, given how relevant sexuality turned into to his later profession as a groundbreaking psychoanalyst. Twenty years after
Freud gave up on locating one, a sexually mature male silver eel turned into subsequently determined. Svennson observes that what Freud and different marine biologists didn’t realise turned into “that eels don’t have any seen intercourse organs till they want them.
Its metamorphoses aren’t simply superficial diversifications to new existence conditions. They`re existential. The eel turns into what it wishes to be whilst the time is right.” The eel turned into a fish and must reproduce like one, however mysteries remained.
A Danish marine biologist, Johannes Schmidt, took at the assignment of locating the eel`s breeding grounds, trawling the Atlantic Ocean from 1904 till interrupted with the aid of using World War I, then resuming after the hostilities ended.
He sought ever smaller “willow leaves” The book of eels
and subsequently narrowed his seek to the Sargasso Sea in which he discovered no eel2. mature eels however very tiny new larvae. The book of eels